The Resource Saint Dominguan refugees in Charleston, South Carolina, 1791-1822 : assimilation and accommodation in a slave society, by Margaret Wilson Gillikin

Saint Dominguan refugees in Charleston, South Carolina, 1791-1822 : assimilation and accommodation in a slave society, by Margaret Wilson Gillikin

Label
Saint Dominguan refugees in Charleston, South Carolina, 1791-1822 : assimilation and accommodation in a slave society
Title
Saint Dominguan refugees in Charleston, South Carolina, 1791-1822
Title remainder
assimilation and accommodation in a slave society
Statement of responsibility
by Margaret Wilson Gillikin
Title variation
St. Dominguan refugees in Charleston, South Carolina, 1791-1822
Creator
Subject
Genre
Language
eng
Summary
"During the 1790s and the first decade of the nineteenth century, nearly 20,000 refugees fled the French colony of Saint Domingue for asylum in the United States. They found new homes in such American port cities as New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Charleston, and New Orleans. This dissertation explores the experiences of the white planters, gens de couleur, and slaves who sought asylum in Charleston, South Carolina, and the effect their presence had on the city's long time residents. It might seem from first glance that finding acceptance in Charleston would be easy for them, but this was not the case. From the early days of the Haitian Revolution, South Carolinians struggled with how to relate to their newest residents. While an obvious kinship existed between the two slave societies, the violence of Saint Domingue raised difficult questions about how a society could maintain slaves in a place where the ideals of republican revolution were spreading to larger sectors of the population. Charlestonians had many reasons to be anxious about these new arrivals as Saint Domingue's experience represented the materialization of the state's worst worries. Concern that Saint Domingue's slaves would spread insurrection to the American South was ever present. South Carolinians attempted to reassure themselves that their own slaves would never rebel as they looked for explanations of why French slaves had turned violent. In addition to these difficulties, white Saint Dominguans also faced attacks by France's republican leaders, particularly Citizen Édmond Genet, France's ambassador to the United States from 1793 until 1794. He accused them of being royalists who actively worked to destroy France's colony instead of embracing the republican changes that were occurring in France. These charges and concerns about slave violence forced the refugees to seek ways to prove they held republican ideology. Over time, as they made their case for acceptance in economic, political, and religious realms, South Carolinians began to embrace them. In many ways, South Carolinians had few other options. The presence of these refugees on the streets highlighted the paradox under which southerners had lived since the signing of the Declaration of Independence, that of simultaneously holding men, women, and children in bondage while openly declaring allegiance to republican ideals of freedom and equality. The state's leaders and residents needed to enfold Saint Domingue's refugees into their definitions of republicanism in order to protect the institution of slavery in America. Unwilling and unable to turn from slavery, South Carolina's slave owners redoubled their efforts at patrolling and controlling their slave population for the next fifty years."--Pages v-vi
Cataloging source
SXC
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Gillikin, Margaret Wilson
Dissertation note
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of South Carolina, 2014.
Index
no index present
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
  • bibliography
  • theses
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Haitians
  • Refugees
  • Refugees
  • Slavery
  • Slave insurrections
  • Haiti
  • Haiti
  • Immigrants
  • Immigrants
Label
Saint Dominguan refugees in Charleston, South Carolina, 1791-1822 : assimilation and accommodation in a slave society, by Margaret Wilson Gillikin
Link
http://scholarcommons.sc.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=4049&context=etd
Instantiates
Publication
Copyright
Note
UMI number: 3672858
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references
Carrier category
volume
Carrier category code
  • nc
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
Introduction -- Storm of destruction: turmoil in the Caribbean and in South Carolina -- "For I was hungry and ye gave me meat": addressing the needs of Saint Dominguan refugees -- Settling into life in South Carolina: seeking acceptance through economic efforts -- Seeking social acceptance in the midst of chaotic world events -- Adopting republicanism: refugees, St. Mary's Catholic Church and conflict over the priest -- Epilogue: "To hear of the distress": western views of Saint Domingue and Haiti
Dimensions
23 cm
Extent
vii, 265 pages
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • n
Label
Saint Dominguan refugees in Charleston, South Carolina, 1791-1822 : assimilation and accommodation in a slave society, by Margaret Wilson Gillikin
Link
http://scholarcommons.sc.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=4049&context=etd
Publication
Copyright
Note
UMI number: 3672858
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references
Carrier category
volume
Carrier category code
  • nc
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
Introduction -- Storm of destruction: turmoil in the Caribbean and in South Carolina -- "For I was hungry and ye gave me meat": addressing the needs of Saint Dominguan refugees -- Settling into life in South Carolina: seeking acceptance through economic efforts -- Seeking social acceptance in the midst of chaotic world events -- Adopting republicanism: refugees, St. Mary's Catholic Church and conflict over the priest -- Epilogue: "To hear of the distress": western views of Saint Domingue and Haiti
Dimensions
23 cm
Extent
vii, 265 pages
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • n

Library Locations

    • Charleston County Public Library - MainBorrow it
      68 Calhoun Street, Charleston, SC, 29401, US
      32.7883294 -79.9309573
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